Friday, June 02, 2017

accompany by, accompany with

Accompany by usually refers to people, as in "he will be accompanied by his wife on the piano" or "...to the meeting".   Accompanied with sounds wrong in this context.

'Accompanied by' is used when one thing is in the company of another thing. Perhaps my fiancée example should be 'accompanied by' only, rather than what I said earlier - that it could be both. In general, use 'accompanied by' with people.

She was accompanied by a friend.

The less common accompanied with, on the other hand,  is synonymous with "in conjunction with"  and would be used of things, as in "he suffers from a massive inferiority complex accompanied with a burning desire to succeed".     (But accompanied by wouldn't sound wrong here, either).

'Accompanied with' is used when one thing is in some way linked to another. Perhaps the others are correct that this is a local thing, but I've certainly seen it used. Menus in restaurants often describe the food as 'sirloin steak accompanied with tartar sauce' or whatever. Also, when reading medical notes I often come across symptoms using 'accompanied with' - 'a sore head accompanied with back pain'. So, I think use 'accompanied with' with things such as these.

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